How Does Thermal Inkjet Printing Work?


In 1950, researchers began to experiment with thermal methods of printing. It was in the 1970s that Canon introduced “Bubble Jet” technology. It used heating elements to create vapor bubbles for ink droplet ejection. HP licensed the technology in 1984 and launched the first Desk Jet printer in 1988. Post continuous advancements, thermal inkjet printer is now used in homes and offices worldwide.

What is a Thermal Inkjet Printer (TIJ)?

A Thermal Inkjet Printer (TIJ) is a type of inkjet printer that operates by heating tiny resistors to create vapor bubbles in ink. It propels ink droplets onto paper. TIJ technology is known for its precision and versatility and is used extensively in industrial coding and marking applications.

How Does Thermal Inkjet Printer Work?

  • The printer contains one or more ink cartridges near the print head. Each ink cartridge has a small heating element, made of thin-film resistors
  • When a print command is sent, the printer’s control circuitry determines which nozzles on the print head need to fire to create the desired image or text. The specific resistor heats up rapidly, and a small amount of ink in the adjacent chamber is vaporized to create a bubble.
  • The bubble expands to force a tiny droplet of ink out through the nozzle onto the paper. It happens quickly as thousands of bubbles get generated per second for precise printing.
  • The print head moves across the paper & deposits droplets of ink in precise patterns to create text or images. The ink dries fast and produces a permanent image.

Is Thermal Inkjet Printing Process beneficial?

Let us learn the benefits of the thermal inkjet printing process:

  • It delivers high-resolution prints with crisp text and vibrant colours
  • It is ideal for various printing applications, from document printing to photo reproduction.
  • Its high-resolution capability produces clear, legible codes on various surfaces, including packaging, labels, and industrial materials.
  • It is cost-effective due to its simplicity, as it uses minimal moving parts and has energy-efficient operation.
  • Thermal inkjet printers produce minimal noise and require less maintenance with no downtime.
  • They offer quick startup times and used for on-demand printing needs.

Is a TIJ Printer a Valuable Addition to Your Production Line?

Integrating a Thermal Inkjet (TIJ) printer into your production line can offer several advantages. TIJ technology is a versatile and cost-effective solution for coding and marking applications in various industries including food and beverage, pharmaceutical, automotive, packaging industry, and logistics and shipping.

  • High-Quality Printing: TIJ printers deliver sharp, high-resolution codes and markings on various surfaces and ensure product traceability and brand consistency.
  • Flexibility: TIJ printers are adaptable and can handle diverse surfaces such as cardboard, plastics, metals and glass. They can also accommodate ink types like – solvent-based, water-based, and UV-curable ink.
  • Minimal Maintenance: TIJ printers is easy to maintain and operate. It leads to increased production efficiency and lower operating costs.
  • Quick Setup: TIJ printers are designed for easy setup and integration into existing production lines.
  • Non-Contact Printing: TIJ technology eliminates the risk of product contamination and ensures product safety and compliance as it doesn’t physically touch the surface during the printing process.
  • Cost-Efficiency: TIJ printers have lower initial costs and reduced consumable expenses compared to other printing methods.


Cyklop Global packaging solutions offer a wide range of strapping, wrapping, coding, and taping solutions. Their CM600 range of thermal inkjet printers is created for the packaging industry. The CM 600 prints text, graphics, and barcodes on various packaging surfaces. It is also used for serialization, batch & date coding, and product labelling. It is used for high-speed complex coding printing such as 100% scannable barcodes & QR codes. It uses HP TIJ 2.5 print technology. Connect with us to know its advantages for your production line.